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How Does The Electoral College Work And Is It Fair?

07 Noviembre 2016

Four presidential elections dating back to 1800 failed to produce a clear victor after an initial count of the votes.

Stagnant population growth has been reducing the state's representation in the Electoral College since the 1960s.

Satiacum faces a $1,000 fine in Washington if he doesn't vote for Clinton, but he said he doesn't care.

Most states, including OH, are winner-take-all, meaning the candidate who wins the popular vote on Tuesday gets all of the state's electoral votes. Twenty electoral votes were in dispute and not awarded to either man. Regardless of the national popular vote tally, it takes a majority of the Electoral College -now 270 votes - to elect a president.

Democrat Samuel Tilden topped Republican Rutherford Hayes and was one vote shy of an Electoral College majority. The Electoral College picked its first president in 1789. Gore won the nationwide popular vote but needed four more electoral votes.

The most important of these are the "battleground" or "swing" states with the largest number of electors, like Florida (29), Pennsylvania (20) and OH (18). In the 1960s, OH had 25 electors.

On the Republican side, Trump faces unresolved cases in NY and California related to Trump University, as well as numerous other civil suits. IL and Pennsylvania each lost one.

California - the most populous state - therefore has 55 electors, Texas has 38, and NY and Florida have 29 each.

In Ohio, electors are often party-faithful who have been politically active for years.

Faithless electors are extremely rare, and the system has generally held up as intended.

OH electors will actually cast their votes in Columbus on December 19, in a process repeated in statehouses around the country on the same day. It took 36 ballots and much intrigue before DE abstained from the vote and allowed Jefferson to muster a bare majority to become president. They also will be choosing governors in 12 states and will be casting votes in a multitude of referenda and local elections.

It won't be until noon on January 20, though, that the newly elected president and vice president are sworn into office.

According to the National Archives, 99 percent of voters' through-out U.S has voted for the candidate who won their state.

However, the most important are large swing states Florida (29 electors) and OH (18 electors) which nearly always predict the eventual victor. In 1992 and 1996, the state's Democratic electors chose former President Bill Clinton and Gore. However if Satiacum did not cast his vote also known as "faithless elector", he could send the elections to the House of Representatives. The popular vote in each state determines the selection of a set of members of the electoral college, who pledge to support a given candidate. If there was no majority, voting would be repeated until a majority was reached.

Once the electoral ballot votes are received, they are counted in a joint session of Congress. It takes a majority of the Senate to elect a vice president, and the choice is among the top two candidates.

How Does The Electoral College Work And Is It Fair?